Reference Instructions

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Sample Reference Instruction Sheets
Ref001CoverPage.png Ref001Page2.png Ref001Page3.png

Reference Instruction sheets can be downloaded from the table below. Instruction sheets are provided in PDF format for convenience and should be able to be viewed on nearly all platforms with a suitable PDF viewer application.

Track Components

Sheet ID Preview Description Pages Rev Pieces
001 001BallastedStraightPennLUG.png Ballasted Straight Track (PennLUG variation)
Instructions to ballast a single full straight track element using the ballasting style first adopted by PennLUG. This finished track item is designed to mount on to a baseplate substrate with plates and tiles to secure the track section. Instructions for the baseplate substrate can be found in reference sheets 002 and 003.
3 A 45
Download Ref Sheet 001 Rev A
002 002BallastBaseplate1632.png Ballasted Straight Track Baseplates (16x32)
Instructions to make a substrate for straight ballasted track on a 16x32 baseplate. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
1 A 19
Download Ref Sheet 002 Rev A
003 003BallastBaseplate1616.png Ballasted Straight Track Baseplates (16x16)
Instructions to make a substrate for straight ballasted track on a 16x16 baseplate. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
1 A 35
Download Ref Sheet 003 Rev A
004 004BallastedR40Curve.png Ballasted R40 Curve Track (PennLUG variation)
Instructions to ballast a single R40 curve track element using the ballasting style first adopted by PennLUG. This finished track item is designed to mount on to a baseplate substrate with plates and tiles to secure the track section. Instructions for the baseplate substrate can be found in reference sheet 005.
4 A 62
Download Ref Sheet 004 Rev A
005 005BallastedR40FullCurve.png Ballasted R40 Curve Track Baseplates
Instructions to make a baseplate substrate for a quarter circle R40 ballasted curve track. Part quantities can be multiplied as necessary to build a half or full circle. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
22 A 245
Download Ref Sheet 005 Rev A
006 006BallastedR56Curve.png Ballasted R56 Curve Track (PennLUG variation)
Instructions to ballast a single ME Models R56 curve track element using the ballasting style first adopted by PennLUG. This finished track item is designed to mount on to a baseplate substrate with plates and tiles to secure the track section. Ballasting method design contributed by Anthony Sava.
4 A 70
Download Ref Sheet 006 Rev A
007 007BallastedR72Curve.png Ballasted R72 Curve Track (PennLUG variation)
Instructions to ballast a single ME Models R72 curve track element using the ballasting style first adopted by PennLUG. This finished track item is designed to mount on to a baseplate substrate with plates and tiles to secure the track section. Ballasting method design contributed by Anthony Sava.
5 A 86
Download Ref Sheet 007 Rev A
008 008BallastedR88Curve.png Ballasted R88 Curve Track (PennLUG variation)
Instructions to ballast a single ME Models R88 curve track element using the ballasting style first adopted by PennLUG. This finished track item is designed to mount on to a baseplate substrate with plates and tiles to secure the track section. Ballasting method design contributed by Anthony Sava.
6 A 66
Download Ref Sheet 008 Rev A
009 009BallastedR104Curve.png Ballasted R104 Curve Track (PennLUG variation)
Instructions to ballast a single ME Models R104 curve track element using the ballasting style first adopted by PennLUG. This finished track item is designed to mount on to a baseplate substrate with plates and tiles to secure the track section. Ballasting method design contributed by Anthony Sava.
11 A 87
Download Ref Sheet 009 Rev A
010 R56BallastCurve.png Ballasted R56 Curve Track Baseplates
Instructions to make a baseplate substrate for a quarter circle R56 ballasted curve track. Part quantities can be multiplied as necessary to build a half or full circle. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
21 A 332
Download Ref Sheet 010 Rev A
011 R72BallastCurve.png Ballasted R72 Curve Track Baseplates
Instructions to make a baseplate substrate for a quarter circle R72 ballasted curve track. Part quantities can be multiplied as necessary to build a half or full circle. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
22 A 428
Download Ref Sheet 011 Rev A
012 R88BallastBase.png Ballasted R88 Curve Track Baseplates
Instructions to make a baseplate substrate for a quarter circle R88 ballasted curve track. Part quantities can be multiplied as necessary to build a half or full circle. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
25 A 437
Download Ref Sheet 012 Rev A
013 R104BallastBase.png Ballasted R104 Curve Track Baseplates
Instructions to make a baseplate substrate for a quarter circle R104 ballasted curve track. Part quantities can be multiplied as necessary to build a half or full circle. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
29 A 505
Download Ref Sheet 013 Rev A
014 Ref014BallastSwitchLeft.png Ballasted Left Switch (even ties/sleepers)
Instructions to make a ballasted left-hand track switch including the baseplate substrate. This variation has ties/sleepers located at even stud intervals. Instructions for odd stud intervals are contained in another reference sheet. Instructions for the baseplate substrate for the corresponding parallel return curve can be found in sheet 015. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
20 A 277
Download Ref Sheet 014 Rev A
015 CompleteLeftSwitchEvenWithReturn.png Ballasted Left Switch Return Curve
Instructions to make a ballasted parallel return curve from a left-hand track switch. Instructions for the corresponding left switch can be found in sheet 014. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
3 A 63
Download Ref Sheet 015 Rev A
016 RightSwitchEven.png Ballasted Right Switch (even ties/sleepers)
Instructions to make a ballasted right-hand track switch including the baseplate substrate. This variation has ties/sleepers located at even stud intervals. Instructions for odd stud intervals are contained in another reference sheet. Instructions for the baseplate substrate for the corresponding parallel return curve can be found in sheet 017. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
20 A 278
Download Ref Sheet 016 Rev A
017 CompleteRightSwitchEvenWithReturn.png Ballasted Right Switch Return Curve
Instructions to make a ballasted parallel return curve from a right-hand track switch. Instructions for the corresponding left switch can be found in sheet 016. The baseplate colour as well as other items can be substituted as desired.
3 A 63
Download Ref Sheet 017 Rev A


Bogies / Trucks / Wheels

Sheet ID Preview Description Pages Rev Pieces
100 Ref100.png AAR 50 Ton Freight Truck
Instructions to make a North American AAR 50 ton freight truck/bogie. This truck design requires the use of non-LEGO® brand brass tubes which are used to mount the train axle wheels. Suitable brass tubes can be obtained from K&S Metals (P/N 8127 or 9821). The train wheel assemblies can be either the older or newer variety (P/N 2878c01 or 2878c02); however the newer variety requires a new brass axle to be cut from 0.081" diameter brass rod (K&S Metals P/N 8168). Credit to Cale Leiphart and Dan Aubin for input on this design.
4 D 51
Download Ref Sheet 100 Rev D
101 Ref101.png AAR Barber S-2 / ASF A-3 Freight Truck
Instructions to make a North American 50 ton Barber S-2 or ASF A-3 freight truck/bogie. This freight truck depicts the solid axle bearing type with its distinctive journal boxes. This design of solid axle truck was introduced in the 1940s and were discontinued in 1966. All solid axle trucks were banned from service in 1980. This truck design requires the use of non-LEGO® brand brass tubes which are used to mount the train axle wheels. Suitable brass tubes can be obtained from K&S Metals (P/N 8127 or 9821). The train wheel assemblies can be either the older or newer variety (P/N 2878c01 or 2878c02); however the newer variety requires a new brass axle to be cut from 0.081" diameter brass rod (K&S Metals P/N 8168). Credit to Cale Leiphart and Josh Sanders for input on this design.
4 A 58
Download Ref Sheet 101 Rev A
102 Ref102.png AAR 70 Ton Roller Bearing Freight Truck
Instructions to make a North American 70 ton roller bearing freight truck/bogie. Since the discontinuation of solid axle trucks starting in 1966, all modern era freight cars use roller bearing axle trucks. This truck design requires the use of non-LEGO® brand brass tubes which are used to mount the train axle wheels. Suitable brass tubes can be obtained from K&S Metals (P/N 8127 or 9821). The train wheel assemblies can be either the older or newer variety (P/N 2878c01 or 2878c02); however the newer variety requires a new brass axle to be cut from 0.081" diameter brass rod (K&S Metals P/N 8168). Credit to Cale Leiphart and Josh Sanders for input on this design.
4 A 54
Download Ref Sheet 102 Rev A
103 Ref103.png Osgood Bradley Passenger Coach Truck
Instructions to make a North American Osgood Bradley lightweight passenger coach truck/bogie. This truck design requires the use of non-LEGO® brand brass tubes which are used to mount the train axle wheels. Suitable brass tubes can be obtained from K&S Metals (P/N 8127 or 9821). The train wheel assemblies can be either the older or newer variety (P/N 2878c01 or 2878c02); however the newer variety requires a new brass axle to be cut from 0.081" diameter brass rod (K&S Metals P/N 8168). Credit to Matt Csenge and Vinnie Fusca for input on this design.
6 A 73
Download Ref Sheet 103 Rev A
104 Ref104.png 3-Axle Heavyweight Passenger Coach Truck
Instructions to make a North American 3-axle heavyweight passenger coach truck/bogie. This truck design requires the use of non-LEGO® brand brass tubes which are used to mount the train axle wheels. The centre axle must have free lateral movement of at least ±2mm in order to negotiate curves and switches. This can be achieved by cutting the brass axle bearing shorter than the outer fixed axle bearings. Suitable brass tubes can be obtained from K&S Metals (P/N 8127 or 9821). The train wheel assemblies can be either the older or newer variety (P/N 2878c01 or 2878c02); however the newer variety requires a new brass axle to be cut from 0.081" diameter brass rod (K&S Metals P/N 8168). Credit to Nate Brill, Matt Csenge and Vinnie Fusca for input on this design.
5 A 61
Download Ref Sheet 104 Rev A
105 Ref105Image.png Sambre et Meuse European Freight Bogie
Instructions to make a European freight bogie manufactured by Sambre et Meuse of France. This truck design requires the use of non-LEGO® brand brass tubes which are used to mount the train axle wheels. Suitable brass tubes can be obtained from K&S Metals (P/N 8127 or 9821). The train wheel assemblies can be either the older or newer variety (P/N 2878c01 or 2878c02); however the newer variety requires a new brass axle to be cut from 0.081" diameter brass rod (K&S Metals P/N 8168). Credit to Ronald Vallenduuk for this design.
3 A 54
Download Ref Sheet 105 Rev A
106 Ref106Image.png Minden Deutz MD-36 European Passenger Bogie
Instructions to make a MD-36 European passenger bogie manufactured by Minden Deutz. This truck design requires the use of non-LEGO® brand brass tubes which are used to mount the train axle wheels. Suitable brass tubes can be obtained from K&S Metals (P/N 8127 or 9821). The train wheel assemblies can be either the older or newer variety (P/N 2878c01 or 2878c02); however the newer variety requires a new brass axle to be cut from 0.081" diameter brass rod (K&S Metals P/N 8168). Credit to Ronald Vallenduuk for this design.
5 B 78
Download Ref Sheet 106 Rev B

MILS Train Modules

Sheet ID Preview Description Pages Rev Pieces
200 Ref200Image.png MILS Basic Terrain Module (BTM) Base for Single Track
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for ballasted straight single track. Instructions for the ballasted straight track sections can be found in reference sheet 001.
6 A 100
Download Ref Sheet 200 Rev A
201 Ref201Image.png MILS Basic Terrain Module (BTM) Base for Double Track
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for ballasted straight double track. Instructions for the ballasted straight track sections can be found in reference sheet 001.
8 A 175
Download Ref Sheet 201 Rev A
202 Ref202Image.png MILS Track Elevation Transition Set
Instructions to build a set of 3 modules which act as both a functional and cosmetic transition between a MILS layout domain and a baseplate/tabletop domain. This transition provides a mounting base for ballasted straight track along a smooth nominal gradient of 1 plate/16 studs. Instructions for the ballasted straight track sections can be found in reference sheet 001.
13 A 205
Download Ref Sheet 202 Rev A
203 Ref203Image.png MILS Single Track Level Crossing
Instructions to build a single track level/grade crossing compatible with the MILS Single Track BTM base module (Ref Sheet 200).
8 A 118
Download Ref Sheet 203 Rev A
204 Ref204Image.png MILS Double Track Level Crossing
Instructions to build a double track level/grade crossing compatible with the MILS Double Track BTM base module (Ref Sheet 201).
14 A 260
Download Ref Sheet 204 Rev A

MILS MultiRoad Modules

Sheet ID Preview Description Pages Rev Pieces
300 Ref300Image.png MILS MultiRoad Straight Road BTM Base 32
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for a 32 stud long straight road section compatible with adjacent Basic Terrain Modules (BTM).
5 A 108
Download Ref Sheet 300 Rev A
301 Ref301Image.png MILS MultiRoad Straight Road City Base 32
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for a 32 stud long straight road section with city sidewalks.
7 A 192
Download Ref Sheet 301 Rev A
302 Ref302Image.png MILS MultiRoad Straight Road BTM Base 16
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for a 16 stud long straight road section compatible with adjacent Basic Terrain Modules (BTM).
4 A 65
Download Ref Sheet 302 Rev A
303 Ref303Image.png MILS MultiRoad Straight Road City Base 16
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for a 16 stud long straight road section with city sidewalks.
6 A 107
Download Ref Sheet 303 Rev A
304 Ref304Image.png MILS MultiRoad T Junction Road BTM Base
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for a T junction road section compatible with adjacent Basic Terrain Modules (BTM).
6 A 104
Download Ref Sheet 304 Rev A
305 Ref305Image.png MILS MultiRoad T Junction Road City Base
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for a T junction road section with city sidewalks.
7 A 154
Download Ref Sheet 305 Rev A
306 Ref306Image.png MILS MultiRoad X Junction Road BTM Base
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for a X junction road section compatible with adjacent Basic Terrain Modules (BTM).
6 A 100
Download Ref Sheet 306 Rev A
307 Ref307Image.png MILS MultiRoad X Junction Road City Base
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base for a X junction road section with city sidewalks.
6 A 116
Download Ref Sheet 307 Rev A
308 Ref308Image.png MILS MultiRoad Cobblestone Road 32
Instructions to build a MILS compatible cobblestone road surface on a specialized 32 x 32 base. The sidewalks and road dimensions are compatible with MultiRoad City modules. Thanks to Ludo Soete for contributing these instructions.
11 A 1317
Download Ref Sheet 308 Rev A
309 Ref309Image.png MILS MultiRoad Modular Building Adapter Base 32
Instructions to build a MILS compatible mounting base to seamlessly integrate 32 x 32 LEGO® Modular Buildings into a MILS layout using MultiRoad City bases.
5 A 129
Download Ref Sheet 309 Rev A
310 Ref310Image.png MILS MultiRoad Left Lane 32
Instructions to build a 32 stud left lane section for a MultiRoad base module.
3 A 45
Download Ref Sheet 310 Rev A
311 Ref311Image.png MILS MultiRoad Right Lane 32
Instructions to build a 32 stud right lane section for a MultiRoad base module.
3 A 37
Download Ref Sheet 311 Rev A
312 Ref312Image.png MILS MultiRoad Left Lane 16
Instructions to build a 16 stud left lane section for a MultiRoad base module.
2 A 26
Download Ref Sheet 312 Rev A
313 Ref313Image.png MILS MultiRoad Right Lane 16
Instructions to build a 16 stud right lane section for a MultiRoad base module.
2 A 18
Download Ref Sheet 313 Rev A
314 Ref314Image.png MILS MultiRoad Left Crosswalk 32
Instructions to build a 32 stud left lane section which includes a pedestrian crossing for a MultiRoad base module.
9 A 58
Download Ref Sheet 314 Rev A
315 Ref315Image.png MILS MultiRoad Right Crosswalk 32
Instructions to build a 32 stud right lane section which includes a pedestrian crossing for a MultiRoad base module.
5 A 52
Download Ref Sheet 315 Rev A
320 Ref320Image.png MILS MultiRoad Junction Road Segment
Instructions to build a junction road segment which can be used with any of the T and X junction road sections. This segment mounts to either a left or right lane module in the same way as a line marking section does.
6 A 90
Download Ref Sheet 320 Rev A
321 Ref321Image.png MILS MultiRoad Solid White Line 32
Instructions to build a 32 stud solid white line marking which can be mounted to either the left, centre or right lane positions.
2 A 22
Download Ref Sheet 321 Rev A
322 Ref322Image.png MILS MultiRoad Solid White Line 16
Instructions to build a 16 stud solid white line marking which can be mounted to either the left, centre or right lane positions.
2 A 12
Download Ref Sheet 322 Rev A
323 Ref323Image.png MILS MultiRoad Dashed White Line 32
Instructions to build a 32 stud dashed white line marking which can be mounted to either the left, centre or right lane positions.
3 A 27
Download Ref Sheet 323 Rev A
324 Ref324Image.png MILS MultiRoad Dashed White Line 16
Instructions to build a 16 stud dashed white line marking which can be mounted to either the left, centre or right lane positions.
2 A 15
Download Ref Sheet 324 Rev A
325 Ref325Image.png MILS MultiRoad Double Yellow Line 32
Instructions to build a 32 stud double yellow line marking which can be mounted to either the left, centre or right lane positions.
2 A 23
Download Ref Sheet 325 Rev A
326 Ref326Image.png MILS MultiRoad Double Yellow Line 16
Instructions to build a 16 stud double yellow line marking which can be mounted to either the left, centre or right lane positions.
2 A 13
Download Ref Sheet 326 Rev A